Garden planning is an important thing to do. Haphazardly throwing plants, trees, and shrubs together without a well-informed plan can be a recipe for disaster.

What makes planning even more of a challenge is when you live in a unique climate. How could you know what types of plants will thrive where you live versus where someone else does?

In the beautiful Pacific Northwest that we call home, we frequently receive questions about plants that do well in moist environments. For other parts of the country, however, we realize you might be faced with a different set of challenges. Consider this a comprehensive list to expedite your garden planning process, no matter what type of conditions you might live in. We carry many of these in our Portland Nursery and Garden Center in the Raleigh Hills Neighborhood.

Jump Ahead

Plants for Wet Areas

Plants for Coastal Environments

Drought Resistant Plants

 

Plants for Wet Areas 

 

Garden Planning with Wet Soil Plants

 

The following is a comprehensive list of trees, shrubs, perennials, and grasses and all-around wet soil plants. Most every Portland landscape has need for a few plants that thrive in wet soil and can be used when garden planning. Here are tons to choose from!

 

Trees for Wet Areas

 

Red-Maple-Trees-For-Wet-Areas

Acer Rubrum Red Maple

 

Acer rubrum Red Maple

Acer saccharinum Silver Maple

Alnus Alder

Betula nigra River Birch

Fraxinus latifolia Oregon Ash

Larix Larch

Liquidamber stryaciflua Sweetgum

Lirodendron Tulip Tree

Malus Crabapple

Magnolia virginiana Sweet Bay

Metasequoia glyptostoboides Dawn Redwood

Nyssa slyvantica Sourgum

Picea sitchensis Sitka Spruce

Platanus Poplar

Quercus bicolor Swamp White Oak

Quercus palustris Pin Oak

Salix Willow

Taxodium distichum Bald Cypress

Thuja plicata Western Red Cedar

 

Shrubs For Wet Areas

 

Andromeda Polifolia - Bog Rosemary

Andromeda Polifolia – Bog Rosemary

 

Andromeda polifolia Bog Rosemary

Ardisia japonica Japanese Ardisia

Aronia arbutifolia Chokeberry

Calycanthus Spice Bush

Chaenomeles Flowering Quince

Cornus stolonifera Red-Osier Dogwood

Ilex glabra Inkberry

Ilex virginica Sweetspire

Leucothoe fontanesiana Drooping Leucothoe

Lindera benzoin Spice Bush

Lonicera involucrate Twinberry

Myrica pensylvanica Bayberry

Rosa palustris Swamp Rose

Salix Shrub Willow

Sambucus Canadensis Red Elderberry

Spirea douglasii Douglas Spirea

Syphoricarpus orbiculatas CoralBerry

Viburnum opulus Snowball Bush

Viburnum trilobum Cranberry Bush

 

Perennials For Wet Areas

 

Aruncus dioicus Goatsbeard

Aruncus dioicus Goatsbeard

 

Aruncus dioicus Goatsbeard

Aster novae-angliae New England Aster

Astilbe Astilbe

Bellis pernnis English Daisy

Caltha palustris Marsh Marigold

Camassia Camas Lily

Canna Canna Lily

Chelone Turtlehead

Cimicifuga Bugbane

Dicentra Formosa Bleeding Heart

Eupatorium maculatum Joe-Pye Weed

Filapendula Meadow sweet

Gunnera Dinosaur Food

Iris Iris

Lilium canadense Canada Lily

Lysimachia Loosestrife

Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Lobelia

Mentha Mint

Mimulus Monkey Flower

Monarda Bee Balm

Mysosotis Forget-me-not

Polygonatum Solomans Seal

Primula japonica Japanese Primrose

Rodgersia Rodgersia

Schizostylis Kafir Lily

Sisyrichium Blue-eyed Grass

Tolmiea menziesii Piggyback Plant

Trollius Globeflower

Viola Violet

Zantedeschia Calla Lily

 

Grasses For Wet Areas

 

Acorus gramineus Japanese Sweet Flag

Acorus gramineus Japanese Sweet Flag
Image courtesy of Monrovia

 

Acorus gramineus Japanese Sweet Flag

Calamagrostis Feather Reed Grass

Carex Sedges

Chasmanthium latifolium Northern Sea Oats

Deschampsia Tufted Hair Grass

Juncus Rushes

Miscanthus sinensis Maiden hair Grass

Molinia Moor Grass

Panicum virgatum Switch Grass

 

Beach Flowers: Garden Planning with Plants that Thrive in a Coastal Environment

 

Acer ginnala Amur Maple

Acer ginnala Amur Maple

 

Coastal Trees

Acer ginnala Amur Maple

Arbutus menziesii Pacific Madrone

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Port Orford Cedar

Chamaecyparis obtuse Hinkoki Cypress

Crataegus Hawthorn

Cupressocypraris leylandii Leyland Cypress

Ilex apuifolium English Holly

Laurus nobilis Bay Laurel

Picea sitchensis Sitka Spruce

Pinus contorta Shore Pine

Pinus mugho Mugo Pine

Pinus nigra Austrian Black Pine

Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine

Pinus sylvestris Scotch Pine

Pinus thunbergiana Japanese Black Pine

Prunus Flowering Cherry

Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas Fir

Robinia Black Locust

Salix discolor/ caprea Pussy Willow

Sequoia sempervirens Coast Redwood

Thuja plicata Western Red Cedar

 

Shrubs That Thrive on the Coast

 

Abelia grandiflora Abelia

Abelia grandiflora Abelia

 

Abelia grandiflora Abelia

Arbutus unedo Strawberry Bush

Aucuba japonica Aucuba

Berberis Barberry

Buxus sempervirens Boxwood

Ceanothus California Lilac

Choisya Mexican Orange

Cistus Rockrose

Cotoneaster Cotoneaster

Cytisus Broom

Eleagnus Silverberry

Erica Heath

Escallonia Escallonia

Euonymus Euonymus

Garrya eliptica Silktassel

Hebe Hebe

Hydrangea Hydrangea

Ilex aquifolium English Holly

Ilex glabra Inkberry

Lonicera pileata Box Honeysuckle

Myrica californica Pacific Wax Myrtle

Potentilla Potentilla

Prunus laurocerasus English Laurel

Prunus lusitanica Portugal Laurel

Punica granatum Pomegranate

Pyracantha Pyrancantha

Rhamnus Rhamnus

Ribes Flowering Currant

Rosa rugosa Rugosa Rose

Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary

Syringa vulgaris Lilac

Taxus Yew

Vaccinium ovatum Evergreen Huckleberry

Viburnum tinus Laurestinus Viburnum

Yucca Yucca

 

Perennials For A Coastal Environment

 

Achillea Yarrow

Achillea Yarrow

 

Achillea Yarrow

Antennaria Pussy Toes

Arabis Rockcress

Armeria maritima Sea Thrift

Artemisia Mugwort

Bergenia Bergenia

Carex Sedge

Cerastium Snow in Summer

Coreopsis Tickseed

Dianthus Pinks

Echinops Globe Thistle

Festuca Fescue

Gaillardia Blanket Flower

Gypsophilia Baby’s Breath

Fuchsia Hardy Fuchsia

Helianthemum Rockrose

Kniphofia Red Hot Poker

Lavandula Lavender

Limonium Sea Lavender

Santolina Lavender Cotton

Sedum Sedum

Sempervivum Hens and Chicks

Stachys Lambs Ear

Thymus Thyme

 

Ground Covers For a Coastal Environment

Arctostaphylos Kinnikinnick

Arctostaphylos Kinnikinnick

 

Arctostaphylos Kinnikinnick

Ceanothus Pt. Reyes Pt. Reyes CA Lilac

Euonymus fortuneii Euonymus

Fragaria chiloensis Ornam. Strawberry

Gautheria shallon Salal

Juniperus Junipers

Lithospernum Lithodora

 

Drought Resistant Plants

The following is a comprehensive list of trees, shrubs, perennials, grasses, and vines that are drought resistant.

 

Abies Concolor

Abies Concolor

Drought Resistant Trees

  • Abies concolor

  • Acer campestre

  • Acer ginnala

  • Aesculus

  • Ailanthus altissima

  • Arbutus unedo

  • Calocedrus decurrens

  • Catalpa

  • Cedrus deodara

  • Cedrus atlantica

  • Cercis occidentalis

  • Cornus nuttali*

  • Corylus

  • Cotinus coggyria

  • Crataegus

  • Cupressocyparis leylandii*

  • Eleagnus angustifolia

  • Ficus carica**

  • Fraxinus

  • Ginkgo biloba

  • Gleditsia triancanthos

  • Gymnocladus dioica

  • Juglans

  • Koelreuteria paniculata

  • Lithocarpus densiflorus

  • Maclura pomifera

  • Morus

  • Phellodendron amurense

  • Picea

  • Pinus

  • Platanus acerifolia

  • Pseduotsuga menziesii

  • Quercus

  • Robinia

  • Sequoiandendron gigantica

  • Sophora japonica

  • Sorbus

  • Tilia tomentosum

  • Thuja plicata

  • Umbellularia californica

  • Zelkova serrata

 

Drought Resistant Shrubs

 

Acanthus mollis

Acanthus mollis

 

  • Acanthus mollis

  • Amelanchier alnifolia

  • Aronia

  • Aucuba japonica

  • Berberis

  • Buxus micro jap.

  • Calycanthus occidentalis

  • Camellia japonica

  • Caryopteris clandonensis

  • Ceanothus* **

  • Cerocarpus montanus

  • Chaenomeles

  • Cistus

  • Cotinus coggyria

  • Cotoneaster

  • Cytisus

  • Deutzia

  • Eleagnus

  • Escallonia **

  • Euonymus

  • Forsythia

  • Garrya fremontii

  • Genista

  • Hamamelis

  • Hibiscus syriacus

  • Helianthemum

  • Holidiscus discolor

  • Ilex

  • Kerria japonica

  • Lagerstroemia indica**

  • Ligustrum

  • Mahonia

  • Myrica

  • Nandina

  • Osmanthus**

  • Osmarea burkwoodii

  • Philadelphus

  • Photinia

  • Prunus laurocerasus

  • Punica granatum

  • Pyracantha

  • Rhus

  • Rhamnus

  • Rosa rugosa

  • Skimmia japonica

  • Spirea

  • Symporicarpos

  • Syringa

  • Tamarix pariflora*

  • Taxus*

  • Viburnum lantana

 

Drought Resistant Perennials

 

Achillea

Achillea

 

  • Achillea

  • Agapanthus**

  • Allium

  • Antennaria rosea* **

  • Anthemis tinctoria

  • Arenaria montana

  • Artemisia*

  • Asclepias*

  • Baptisia*

  • Bergenia cordifolia

  • Centaurea gymnocarpa**

  • Centranthus rubber

  • Ceratistigma pumbaginoides

  • Convolvulus

  • Coreopsis*

  • Echinacea purpurea*

  • Echinops exaltus*

  • Erysium*

  • Gaillardia grandiflora*

  • Geranium sangiuineum

  • Gypsophilia paniculata*

  • Helenium autumnalis

  • Helleborus

  • Hemerocallis

  • Iris

  • Kniphoia uvaria*

  • Lavandula*

  • Liatris*

  • Limonium*

  • Linum

  • Lychnis*

  • Nepeta

  • Oenothera*

  • Papavera*

  • Penstemon*

  • Perovskia*

  • Phlomis*

  • Polystichmum munitum

  • Romneya*

  • Ruta*

  • Salvia officinalis*

  • Santolina*

  • Saponaria*

  • Sedum*

  • Sisyrinchium

  • Solidago

  • Thymus*

  • Tradescantia

  • Verbascum

 

Drought Resistant Grasses

 

Cortaderia selloana

Cortaderia selloana

 

  • Cortaderia selloana

  • Festuca ovina glauca

  • Calamagrostis

  • Miscanthus

  • Pennisetum*

  • Stipa

 

Drought Resistant Vines

 

Clematis Armandi

Clematis Armandi

 

  • Clematis armandi**

  • Lonicera japonica “Halliana’

  • Wisteria

*These plants will not tolerate heavy clay soils which are water-saturated in the winter.

** These plants are marginally hardy for the Northwest. They will freeze out some years.