Native Plants of the Northwest

April 15, 2013 12:00 am

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The abundance and notably varied plant life is unique to the Pacific Northwest. It is only natural as gardeners that we would want to incorporate these wonders into our own gardens. When planting to add native plants to the garden please consider your local conditions of microclimate, soil, and vegetation to accommodate these temper-mental plants so they can flourish in the garden setting.

Conifer Trees

Abies amabilis – Cascade Fir

Abies concolor – White Fir

Abies grandis – Grand Fir

Abies lasiocarpa – Alpine Fir

Abies procera – Noble Fir

Calocedrus decurrens – Incense Cedar

Chamaecyparis laws. – Port Orford Cedar

Chamaecyparis nootk. – Alaska Cedar

Juniperus communis – Juniper

Larix occidentalis – Western Larch

Picea brewerana – Brew Weep. Spruce

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce

Pinus contorta – Shore Pine

Pinus monticola – Western White Pine

Pinus ponderosa – Ponderosa Pine

Pseudotsuga menziesii – Douglas Fir

Sequoia semperviren – Coast Redwood

Taxus brevifolia – Western Yew

Thuja plicata – Western Red Cedar

Tsuga heterophylla – Western Hemlock

Tsuga mertensiana – Mountain Hemlock

 

Broadleaf Trees

Acer circinatum – Vine Maple

Alnus rubra – Red Alder

Arbutus menziesii – Madrona

Betula papyrifera – Paper Birch

Cornus nuttallii – Pacific Dogwood

Crataegus douglasii – Black Hawthorn

Fraxinus latifolia – Oregon Ash

Malus fusca – Pacific Crapapple

Garrya elliptica – Coast Silktassel

Populus tremuloides – Quacking Aspen

Quercus garryana – Oregon White Oak

Rhamnus purshiana – Cascade sagrada

Salix hookeriana – Hookers Willow

Salix lasiandra – Pacific Willow

Umbellularia califor. – Oregon Myrtle

 

Shrubs

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Kinnikinick

Cornus stolonifera – Red twig dogwood

Gaultheria shallon – Salal

Holodiscus discolor – Oceanspray

Kalmiopsis leachiana – Kalmiopsis

Lonicera involucrate – Twinberry

Mahonia aquifolium – Oregon Grape

Mahonia nervosa – Longleaf OR Grape

Myrica californica – Pacific Wax Myrtle

Oemleria cerasiformis – Indian Plum

Philadelphus lewisii – Mock Orange

Physocarpus capitatus – Western Ninebark

Potentilla fruitcosa – Cinqefoil

Quercus vacciniifolia – Huckleberry Oak

Rhamnus californica – Coffeeberry

Rhamnus purshiana – Cascara sagrada

Rhododendron mac. – Rhododendron

Rhododendron occ. – Western Azalea

Rhus glabra – Smooth Sumac

Ribes sanguin. – Red Flw. Currant

Rosa nutkana – Rose

Rosa woodsii – Woods Rose

Sambucus race. – Red Elderberry

Spiraea douglasii – Western Spiraea

Symphoricarpos albus – Snowberry

Symphoricarpos orb. – Coralberry

Vaccinium ovatum – Evgrn.Huckleberry

Vaccinium parv. – Red Huckleberry

Viburnum edule – High Cranberry

 

Native Ferns

Adiantum pedatum – Maindenhair Fern

Athyrium filix femina – Lady Fern

Blechnum spicant – Deer Fern

Dryopteris arguta – Coastal Shield Fern

Dryopteris austriaca – Wood Shield

Polystichum munitum – Sword Fern

Polypodium glycyrrhiza – Licorice Fern

 

Native Iris

Iris chrysophylla – Slender tubed Iris

Iris douglasiana – Douglas Iris

Iris pseudoacornus – Yellow Flag

Iris tenax – Oregon Iris

 

Native Perennials

Achillea millef. – Common Yarrow

Ataca rubra – Bane berry

Anaphalis marg. – Pearly everlasting

Antenaria spec. – Pussy toes

Aquilegia Formosa – Red columbine

Aquilegia coerilea – Blue columbine

Arctostaphylus u-u – Kinnikinnick

Aruncus sylvester – Goatsbeard

Asarum caudatum – Wild ginger

Boykynia elata – Boykynia

Camassia quamas – Common Camas

Campanula scouleri – Scoulers harebells

Corydalis scouleri – Scoulers corydalis

Cornus canadensis – Bunchberry

Dicentra formaosa – Bleeding Heart

Digitalis purpurea – Foxglove

Disporum smithii – Fairy Lantern

Dodecatheon poeticum – Shooting Star

Dodecatheon pulch. – Shooting Star

Erigeron comositus – Cut leaved daisy

Erigeron glaucus – Beach daisy

Erigeron perigrinus – Wandering daisy

Eriophyllum lantum – Oregon sunshine

Erythronium oreg. – Fawn Lily

Fragaria chiloensis – Coastal Strawberry

Gaillardia aristata – Indian blanket

Gaultheria shallon – Salal

Geranium viscos. – Purple Geranium

Geum macrophyllum – Large leaved avens

Heuchera micrantha – Small flw. alumroot

Lewisia columbianum – Lewisia

Lilium columbianum – Tiger lily

Lilium pardalinum – Leopard lily

Lilium parvum – Sierra Lily

Linneae borealis – Twinflower

Lupinus polyphyllus – Large lvd. Lupine

Maianthemum dilatum – False Lily of the Valley

Mertensia paniculata – Bluebells

Mertensia platyphyla – Western Bluebells

Mimulus dentatus – Coast Monkey Flower

Mimulus guttatus – Yelw Monkey Flower

Mimulus lewisii – Pink Monkey Flower

Oenothera caespitosa – Evening Primrose

Oxalis oregona – Oxalis

Penstemon campanula. – Purple Penstemon

Penstemon cardwellii – Pink Penstemon

Penstemon fruiticosus – Lavender Penstemon

Penstemon garnet – Burgundy Penstemon

Penstemon pinnifolius – Red Penstemon

Penstemon rupicola – Deep Pink Penstemon

Penstemon serrulatus – Blue Penstemon

Phlox diffusa – Spreading Phlox

Polygonum paronycha – Beach knotweed

Potentilla flabellifolia – Northern saxifrange

Saxifraga mertensiana – Spotted Saxifraga

Scuttelaria angustifolia – Narrow leaved skullcap

Sedum oregaum – Oregon Stonecrop

Sedum spathulifolium – Broad leaved stonecrop

Sidalcea oregana – Checkered Mallow

Sidalcea campestris – Meadow sidalcea

Sisyrinchium calif. – Golden eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium douglasii – Grass Willow

Smilacina stellata – Star flowered Solomans

Telima grandiflora – Fringe cup

Thalictrum occident. – Western Meadow Rue

Thalictrum polyc. – Tall Western Meadow Rue

Tiarella unifol. – Foam Flower

Tolmiea menziesii – Piggyback plant

Trillium erectum – Red trillium

Trillium luteum – Yellow Trillium

Trillium parvifolium – Sisile Trillium

Trillium ovatum – Western Trillium

Typha latifolia – Cattail

Valeriana scouleri – Scoulers valerian

Vancouveria hexandra – Inside out Flower

Veratrum virde – Corn Lily

Viola glabella – Yellow violet

Zauschneria – California fuchsia


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