How to grow artichokes in the Pacific NorthwestMarch 14, 2013 12:00 am
Choosing a site:
Artichokes need to be able to grow quickly to become edible. Artichokes need partial to full sun and a lot of room. Do not plant artichokes in containers. Watering is key and the soil needs to be very good with excellent drainage. Artichokes prefer additions of compost and/ or manure in generous amounts each season. Slightly acidic soil will help with production.
Place the plant in a 12”x 12” hole. You want the depth of the hole to be the same depth as the nursery container you bought the plant in. Fill the hole with rich compost. It is important to make sure the soil around the plants is well fertilized and loose. Keep the plant moist at all time. For highest production, fertilize the plants every 6-8 weeks with a balanced fertilizer. Allow five feet of growing room for each plant.
After Planting Care:
Here are some basic rules to achieve success:
Water well to encourage production. Flowering too early will stress the new plant so stalks should be cut back. When summer temperatures pass the mid-70s reduce the water and feeding. After the first killing frost, cut off the big leaves and stems and mound earth around each plant. This will keep your plant healthy for next season. One fourth of the plants should be replaced each year to keep production steady.
Artichokes are perfect for eating when they reach a good size but before they begin to open. The bud is the edible part and can keep up to one month in the refrigerator.